Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
ETD Group

Shuai Lu

Shuai Lu

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Shuai Lu joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in 2006. Dr. Lu has led and managed many R&D projects for the U.S. Department of Energy, as well as for the electric power industry. His experiences include the integration of renewable resources, power system dynamic modeling, power system operations, and demand response technologies. Before joining PNNL, Dr. Lu conducted research on the operation and circuit design of an undersea power and communication network (NEPTUNE project) to be deployed under the northeast Pacific Ocean. He also designed digital controllers and models for static var compensators (SVC). Dr. Lu has authored or coauthored nearly 30 publications including journal articles, conference proceedings, and technical reports. He also holds two patents from China.

Research Interests

  • Renewables integration
  • Power system modeling and security analysis
  • Demand response and distributed resources
  • Generation dispatch optimization

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 2006
  • M.S. Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China, 2002
  • B.S. Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China, 1999

Selected Publications

2014

  • Lu S, NA Samaan, D Meng, FS Chassin, Y Zhang, B Vyakaranam, WM Warwick, JC Fuller, R Diao, TB Nguyen, and C Jin. 2014. Duke Energy Photovoltaic Integration Study: Carolinas Service AreasPNNL-23226, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sun Y, MA Elizondo, S Lu, and JC Fuller. 2014. "The Impact of Uncertain Physical Parameters on HVAC Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 5(2):916-923.  doi:10.1109/TSG.2013.2295540

2013

  • Lu S, PV Etingov, D Meng, X Guo, C Jin, and NA Samaan. 2013. NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation PNNL-22069, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Meng D, N Zhou, S Lu, and G Lin. 2013. "An Expectation-Maximization Method for Calibrating Synchronous Machine Models ." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 21-25, 2013, Vancouver, BC, pp. 1-5.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672950
  • Zhou N, D Meng, and S Lu. 2013. "Estimation of the Dynamic States of Synchronous Machines Using an Extended Particle Filter." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 28(4):4152-4161.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2262236

2012

  • Diao R, S Lu, and J Ma. 2012. "On Evaluating Cycling and Movement of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services with Large Solar Penetration." In IEEE Power and Energy Society Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), May 7-10, 2012, Orlando, Florida.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ. 
  • Mayhorn ET, K Kalsi, MA Elizondo, W Zhang, S Lu, NA Samaan, and K Butler-Purry. 2012. "Optimal Control of Distributed Energy Resources using Model Predictive Control." In Proceedigns of the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345596
  • Diao R, S Lu, MA Elizondo, ET Mayhorn, Y Zhang, and NA Samaan. 2012. "Electric Water Heater Modeling and Control Strategies for Demand Response ." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345632
  • Etingov PV, S Lu, X Guo, J Ma, YV Makarov, V Chadliev, and R Salgo. 2012. "Identifying Challenging Operating Hours for Solar Intergration in the NV Energy System." In IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D 2012), May 7-10, 2012, Orlando, Florida, pp. 1-8.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2012.6281711
  • Kalsi K, MA Elizondo, JC Fuller, S Lu, and DP Chassin. 2012. "Development and Validation of Aggregated Models for Thermostatic Controlled Loads with Demand Response." In 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS 2012), January 4-7, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 1959-1966.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/HICSS.2012.212
  • Lu S, R Diao, NA Samaan, and PV Etingov. 2012. Capacity Value of PV and Wind Generation in the NV Energy SystemPNNL-22117, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ma J, S Lu, PV Etingov, and YV Makarov. 2012. "Evaluating the Impact of Solar Generation on Balancing Requirements in Southern Nevada System." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-27, 2012San Diego, CA.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6344606
  • Ma J, S Lu, RP Hafen, PV Etingov, YV Makarov, and V Chadliev. 2012. "The Impact of Solar Photovoltaic Generation on Balancing Requirements in the Southern Nevada System." In 2012 IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D 2012), May 7-10, 2012, Orlando, Florida, pp. 1-9.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2012.6281606
  • Meng D, N Zhou, S Lu, and G Lin. 2012. "Estimate the Electromechanical States Using Particle Filtering and Smoothing." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345440
  • Vlachopoulou M, G Chin, Jr, JC Fuller, S Lu, and K Kalsi. 2012. "Model for Aggregated Water Heater Load Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks." In Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Data Mining (DMIN 2012). WORLDCOMP '12, July 16-19, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, ed. R Stahlbock and GM Weiss, pp. 17-23.  CSREA Press, Athens, GA. 
  • Wang S, S Lu, G Lin, and N Zhou. 2012. "Measurement-based Coherency Identification and Aggregation for Power Systems." In 2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345407

2011

  • Diao R, S Lu, PV Etingov, J Ma, YV Makarov, and X Guo. 2011. NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing ServicesPNNL-20594, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Elizondo MA, S Lu, N Zhou, and NA Samaan. 2011. "Model Reduction, Validation, and Calibration of Wind Power Plants for Dynamic Studies." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-28, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039782
  • Jin C, S Lu, N Lu, and RA Dougal. 2011. "Cross-Market Optimization for Hybrid Energy Storage Systems." In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039898
  • Chassin FS, ET Mayhorn, MA Elizondo, and S Lu. 2011. "Load Modeling and Calibration Techniques for Power System Studies." In Proceedings of the 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS), August 4-6, 2011, Boston, Massachusetts.  IEEE, Pscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024878
  • Clements SL, H Kirkham, MA Elizondo, and S Lu. 2011. "Protecting the Smart Grid: A Risk Based Approach ." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039120
  • Jin C, N Lu, S Lu, YV Makarov, and RA Dougal. 2011. "Coordinated Control Algorithm for Hybrid Energy Storage Systems." In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039893
  • Lu S, MA Elizondo, NA Samaan, K Kalsi, ET Mayhorn, R Diao, C Jin, and Y Zhang. 2011. "Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039787
  • Lu S, NA Samaan, R Diao, MA Elizondo, C Jin, ET Mayhorn, Y Zhang, and H Kirkham. 2011. "Centralized and Decentralized Control for Demand Response." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2011), January 17-19, 2011, Anaheim, CA.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/ISGT.2011.5759191
  • Lu S, PV Etingov, R Diao, J Ma, NA Samaan, YV Makarov, X Guo, RP Hafen, C Jin, H Kirkham, E Shlatz, L Frantzis, T McClive, G Karlson, D Acharya, A Ellis, J Stein, C Hansen, V Chadliev, M Smart, R Salgo, R Sorensen, B Allen, and B Idelchik. 2011. Large-Scale PV Integration StudyPNNL-20677, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Makarov YV, S Lu, NA Samaan, Z Huang, K Subbarao, PV Etingov, J Ma, RP Hafen, R Diao, and N Lu. 2011. "Integration of Uncertainty Information into Power System Operations." In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039913
  • Singh R, MA Elizondo, and S Lu. 2011. "A Review of Dynamic Generator Reduction Methods For Transient Stability Studies." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039791
  • Zhou N, S Lu, R Singh, and MA Elizondo. 2011. "Calibration of Reduced Dynamic Models of Power Systems using Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) Data." In Proceedings of the 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS), August 4-6, 2011, Boston, Massachusetts.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024873

2010

  • Lu S, N Zhou, N Prakash Kumar, NA Samaan, and BB Chakrabarti. 2010. "Improved DC Power Flow Method Based on Empirical Knowledge of the System." In 2010 IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2010.5484346
  • Lu S, YV Makarov, AJ Brothers, CA McKinstry, S Jin, and J Pease. 2010. "Prediction of Power System Balancing Requirement and Tail Event." In IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference 2010, pp. 1-7.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2010.5484347
  • Lu S, AJ Brothers, CA McKinstry, S Jin, and YV Makarov. 2010. Low Probability Tail Event Analysis and Mitigation in the BPA Control AreaPNNL-20120, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lu S, YV Makarov, Y Zhu, N Lu, N Prakash Kumar, and BB Chakrabarti. 2010. "Unit Commitment Considering Generation Flexibility and Environmental Constraints." In 2010 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ. 
  • Makarov YV, S Lu, X Guo, J Gronquist, P Du, TB Nguyen, and JW Burns. 2010. Wide Area Security Region Final Report PNNL-19331, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2009

2008

  • Makarov YV, and S Lu. 2008. Operational Impacts of Wind Energy Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration Control Area - Phase I ReportPNNL-17558, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Makarov YV, C Loutan, J Ma, P De Mello, and S Lu. 2008. "Evaluating Impacts of Wind Generation on Regulation and Load Following Requirements in the California ISO Service Area." In Windpower 2008 Conference & Exhibition, June 104, 2008, Houston, Texas., pp. 372-377  American Wind Energy Association, Washington, DC. 
  • Makarov YV, C Loutan, J Ma, P De Mello, and S Lu. 2008. "Impacts of Integration of Wind Generation on Regulation and Load Following Requirements of California Power Systems." In Proceedings of 5th International Conference on the European Electricity Market - EEM 2008, pp. 1-6.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/EEM.2008.4579027
  • Makarov YV, C Loutan, J Ma, P De Mello, and S Lu. 2008. "Impacts of Wind Generation on Regulation and Load Following Requirements in the California System ." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting: Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st , pp. 1-9.  Institute of Electical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2008.4596097
  • Makarov YV, S Lu, B McManus, and J Pease. 2008. "The Future Impact of Wind on BPA Power System Ancillary Services." In 2008 IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2008.4517101
  • Makarov YV, S Lu, B McManus, and J Pease. 2008. "The Future Impact of Wind on BPA Power System Load Following and Regulation Requirements." In Proceedings 5th International Conference on the European Electricity Market - EEM08.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/EEM.2008.4579079
  • Makarov YV, S Lu, J Ma, and TB Nguyen. 2008. Assessing the Value of Regulation Resources Based on Their Time Response CharacteristicsPNNL-17632, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lu S, and MCW Kintner-Meyer. 2008. Scoping Study for Demand Respose DFT II Project in Morgantown, WVPNNL-17474, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Makarov YV, B Yang, JG DeSteese, S Lu, CH Miller, P Nyeng, J Ma, DJ Hammerstrom, and VV Vishwanathan. 2008. Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control AreasPNNL-17574, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

About AP&ES

Related Links

Addtional Information

Staff Directory

Contacts


509/372-4128